Offshore A-Z is a digital repository of companies operating across major tax havens. Offshore A-Z exploits the inscrutability of such companies to speculate on their possible nature and intent. Each company listed on here is real, but the information surrounding these consist of both actual records, obtained by the Demystification Committee, and speculative images and mission statements, generated by algorithms.

Tax havens, or secrecy jurisdictions, employ laws and corporate regulations different from those of most jurisdictions, using secrecy as a prime tool. Furthermore, the agents operating offshore on behalf of clients elsewhere have been observed by the Demystification Committee to willfully introduce mistakes in the records held on the companies they help forming. (Offshore Investigation Vehicle, p. 87)

When offshore companies are but a bundle of papers held in private storages, these practices contribute to a number of possible configurations of any given offshore company, whose records are at once factually correct and conveniently flawed.

Offshore A-Z plays with the idea that truth is not one nor static, and that it does not need to be upheld equally at all times or in all fora.

Obtaining the data

The data contained within Offshore A-Z comes from a number of sources. Prior to the Offshore Leaks, the snippets of information available on offshore companies were largely confined to the outdated online registrars kept by tax havens, as an empty gesture towards transparency. Employing data scraping techniques, the Demystification Committee extracted records on hundreds of thousands of companies appearing in a number of such registrars.

Yielding varying amounts of information, and naturally full of gaps - sometimes full company details and descriptions, sometimes little more than a name - the records were cross referenced with data from the ICIJ’s Offshore Leaks as well as Financial Secrecy Index scores from the Tax Justice Network, and compiled into a single searchable database.

Training the algorithms

Algorithms were then trained to fill in the gaps in information. Using keywords from the company’s records as a trigger, the algorithms associate images with each nondescript company and complete missing fields by guessing possible incorporation dates or by generating corporate mission statement via a simple neural network. The coherency and accuracy of the neural network is directly undermined by the opaque source material, or incomplete input records. Finally, companies previously named in the Offshore Leaks ( for example) are hyperlinked to the relevant entry on the ICIJ database, allowing user to investigate further.

Compiling the template

The resulting information is autonomously built into a Web 2.0 page, employing a visual grammar similar to that used by existing registrars of companies. However, under intense scrutiny, the template mealts away revealing warm hues and floating forms.

This cycle of actions is repeated for each unreleased company found in the database and publicly announced by a Twitter bot.

Zooming in

Among the companies listed on the Offshore A-Z, a few appearing to be embedded in complex offshore vehicles were further investigated, resulting in three stories focusing on the funding behind Leave.EU, the corporate tax-avoidance of Barclays and the colonial origins of HSBC.

Offshore A-Z is a project by the Demystification Committee.

Company Name Leaked Registered Country
C - R FINANCIAL LTD 14-05-1942
KY
C & A SOPHOCLIDES TRADING COMPANY 12-04-1979
CY
C & A MANAGEMENT SERVICES LIMITED 24-06-1980
HK
C & A METAL DUCTS 02-05-2001
CY
C & A TEMP. CONTROL MECHANICAL CONTRACTOR LTD 01-02-2008
CY
C & A TOUMAZIS & YTM STAVRIDES JOINT VENTURE 15-06-1999
CY
C & B (CONSTRUCTION) COMPANY LIMITED 18-08-1982
BB
C & B PAINTING AND CONSTRUCTION 23-07-1993
AW
C & B PAINTING AND CONSTRUCTION 18-08-2006
AW
C & BM COMMUNICATION & BUSINESS MANAGEMENT CONSULTANT 01-05-1995
AW
C & BM COMMUNICATION & BUSINESS MANAGEMENT CONSULTANT 14-08-1995
AW
C & BM COMMUNICATION & BUSINESS MANAGEMENT CONSULTANT NV 14-08-1995
AW
C & C ADVANCED ONLINE SERVICES LIMITED 29-10-2009
CY
C & C BAKERY LTD 29-12-2009
CY
C & C CLEARANCE STOCKS 14-05-2008
CY
C & C CONFERENCES AND CONGRESSES LTD 31-05-2010
CY
C & C GROUP SRL 21-11-1988
AW
C & C IN-LANDER REAL ESTATES AGENCY 17-06-2003
CY
C & C JEWELLERY COMPANY LIMITED 01-05-1998
HK
C & C SPORTIVE COMPANY LIMITED 25-05-1979
HK
C & D FILM PRODUCTION (INT'L) LIMITED 29-06-1995
HK
C & E FASHION 01-09-1990
AW
C & F DIAMOND NEST LTD 13-09-2010
CY
C & F GROND-EN WEGENWERKEN 02-03-1993
AW
C & F GROUP LIMITED 10-09-2007
HK
C & F VAN EIJK GENERAL CONTRACTORS N.V. 22-04-1992
AW
C & G FUEL ENTERPRISES LTD 31-12-2009
CY
C & H CHAMBERS & CO 13-03-2008
CY
C & H CHRISTODOULIDES 09-09-1980
CY
C & H SUNTERRA SOLAR LTD 13-07-2010
CY
C & I CONTRACTORS ARUBA N.V. 14-04-1992
AW
C & I EASTERN LIMITED 09-06-2004
HK
C & J ELECTRIX LTD 02-12-2009
CY
C & J (HONG KONG) INDUSTRIAL COMPANY LIMITED 11-09-2007
HK
C & J IMPORT EXPERTS LTD. 21-05-1993
BB
C & J INVESTMENTS LIMITED 12-01-2005
HK
C & J SOFTWARE DESIGN COMPANY LIMITED 28-04-1999
HK
C & JO. BAR 14-06-1996
CY
C & K TRADE AND DEVELOPMENT COMPANY LIMITED 02-06-2003
HK
C & L ENGINEERING LIMITED 11-09-1979
HK
C & L KYPREOU (CATERING) 29-06-1995
CY
C & L MARANGOS CONSULTING ENGINEERS 08-09-1993
CY
C & L RENOVATION LTD 07-10-2010
CY
C & L SPEEDY KEY SERVICES 24-10-1986
CY
C & M COLOURVISION CO 15-12-1979
CY
C & M ANASTASIOU BAKERY LIMITED 25-05-2009
CY
C & M COPY HOUSE 24-07-2006
CY
C & M FASHION GROUP 05-04-2015
AW
C & M HOLDINGS LTD. 16-11-2006
BM
C & M KELEPESHIS ELECTRICAL & ELECTRONIC CO 27-06-1995
CY