Offshore A-Z is a digital repository of companies operating across major tax havens. Offshore A-Z exploits the inscrutability of such companies to speculate on their possible nature and intent. Each company listed on here is real, but the information surrounding these consist of both actual records, obtained by the Demystification Committee, and speculative images and mission statements, generated by algorithms.

Tax havens, or secrecy jurisdictions, employ laws and corporate regulations different from those of most jurisdictions, using secrecy as a prime tool. Furthermore, the agents operating offshore on behalf of clients elsewhere have been observed by the Demystification Committee to willfully introduce mistakes in the records held on the companies they help forming. (Offshore Investigation Vehicle, p. 87)

When offshore companies are but a bundle of papers held in private storages, these practices contribute to a number of possible configurations of any given offshore company, whose records are at once factually correct and conveniently flawed.

Offshore A-Z plays with the idea that truth is not one nor static, and that it does not need to be upheld equally at all times or in all fora.

Obtaining the data

The data contained within Offshore A-Z comes from a number of sources. Prior to the Offshore Leaks, the snippets of information available on offshore companies were largely confined to the outdated online registrars kept by tax havens, as an empty gesture towards transparency. Employing data scraping techniques, the Demystification Committee extracted records on hundreds of thousands of companies appearing in a number of such registrars.

Yielding varying amounts of information, and naturally full of gaps - sometimes full company details and descriptions, sometimes little more than a name - the records were cross referenced with data from the ICIJ’s Offshore Leaks as well as Financial Secrecy Index scores from the Tax Justice Network, and compiled into a single searchable database.

Training the algorithms

Algorithms were then trained to fill in the gaps in information. Using keywords from the company’s records as a trigger, the algorithms associate images with each nondescript company and complete missing fields by guessing possible incorporation dates or by generating corporate mission statement via a simple neural network. The coherency and accuracy of the neural network is directly undermined by the opaque source material, or incomplete input records. Finally, companies previously named in the Offshore Leaks ( for example) are hyperlinked to the relevant entry on the ICIJ database, allowing user to investigate further.

Compiling the template

The resulting information is autonomously built into a Web 2.0 page, employing a visual grammar similar to that used by existing registrars of companies. However, under intense scrutiny, the template mealts away revealing warm hues and floating forms.

This cycle of actions is repeated for each unreleased company found in the database and publicly announced by a Twitter bot.

Zooming in

Among the companies listed on the Offshore A-Z, a few appearing to be embedded in complex offshore vehicles were further investigated, resulting in three stories focusing on the funding behind Leave.EU, the corporate tax-avoidance of Barclays and the colonial origins of HSBC.

Offshore A-Z is a project by the Demystification Committee.

Company Name Leaked Registered Country
D & O SISTERS 05-03-1990
CY
D - D GENERAL CONSTRUCTION 21-08-2006
AW
D & A DEMETRIOU 06-02-1997
CY
D & A HORIZON GENERAL SERVICES LTD 14-02-2008
CY
D & A PRODUCTION N.V. 23-09-2002
AW
D & B BOUWBEDRIJF & REAL ESTATE N.V. 05-11-1997
AW
D & B FOR COMMERCE & TRADES LIMITED 08-10-2009
CY
D & B HOLDING CO., LTD. 09-01-1992
BM
D & B HOLDINGS CO LTD 28-01-1994
MU
D & D BUILDING SYSTEMS 22-04-1991
AW
D & D COMPANY LIMITED true 18-08-1988
BM
D & D FASHION 01-04-1983
AW
D & D LIMITED 12-07-1971
HK
D & D REAL ESTATE N.V. 30-07-2001
AW
D & G EXPRESS SERVICES 30-04-1993
CY
D & G INTERNATIONAL LIMITED true 12-10-1993
HK
D & H ENTERPRISES 06-05-1974
CY
D & H INVESTMENTS LIMITED 27-05-2009
CY
D & H MANAGEMENT (BDA) LTD. 02-02-1978
BM
D & J CONSTRUCTION COMPANY LIMITED 16-05-1969
BM
D & J INDUSTRIAL CO. LIMITED 08-06-2004
HK
D & J TRADING CO LTD 28-12-2009
CY
D & K EARTHQUAKE PROTECTED STRUCTURES (EPS) 11-06-2003
CY
D & K INVESTMENTS LIMITED 08-04-2003
CY
D & L GOLDEN FRIED CHICKEN 16-07-1993
CY
D & M (MOULLOUROS) MANAGEMENT LIMITED 22-12-2010
CY
D & M DRIVE INN KIOSK LTD 31-08-2010
CY
D & M SWEET LAVENDER CUPCAKES LIMITED 09-07-2010
CY
D & M YIOUKKA LIMITED & ΘΕΜΕΛΙΟΔΟΜΗ ΛΙΜΙΤΕΔ ΚΟΙΝΟΠΡΑΞΙΑ ΕΤΑΙΡΕΙΩΝ 07-12-2004
CY
D & N MUSICAL WAY-CD-LP-TAPES 12-05-1992
CY
D & P CYLED LIMITED 12-08-2010
CY
D & P HOLDINGS INC. true 17-05-2000
BB
D & P PANTELI LIMITED 13-05-2010
CY
D & P PAPAMICHAEL ARCHITECTS & DESIGNERS LTD 14-12-2009
CY
D & R ASSOCIATES INTERNATIONAL LIMITED 18-04-2001
BM
D & R LTD. 09-01-1995
BM
D & S CONSTRUCTION 06-05-1991
AW
D & S INDUSTRIAL COMPANY LIMITED 08-08-2001
HK
D & S VET LINE (CYPRUS) LTD 15-03-2010
CY
D & V GOLDEN HISTORY LIMITED 18-05-2010
CY
D & W LIMITED 09-05-1980
HK
D & Y THEODOROU PROPERTIES 05-12-2005
CY
D & D SEAFOODS LTD. 09-10-1928
KY
D & DM HOLDINGS LTD. 27-08-1882
KY
D & F INVESTMENTS LTD 049692 -SO 10-07-1994
KY
D & L INVESTMENT SERVICES LIMITED 28-06-1896
KY
D & R CONSTRUCTION LTD. 31-12-1884
KY
D & S SERVICES LIMITED 05-04-1945
KY
D AND R BEVERAGE & BOTTLING CO 14-11-1989
AW
D ART PRODUCTION & RECORDING STUDIO 11-11-2006
AW