Offshore A-Z is a digital repository of companies operating across major tax havens. Offshore A-Z exploits the inscrutability of such companies to speculate on their possible nature and intent. Each company listed on here is real, but the information surrounding these consist of both actual records, obtained by the Demystification Committee, and speculative images and mission statements, generated by algorithms.

Tax havens, or secrecy jurisdictions, employ laws and corporate regulations different from those of most jurisdictions, using secrecy as a prime tool. Furthermore, the agents operating offshore on behalf of clients elsewhere have been observed by the Demystification Committee to willfully introduce mistakes in the records held on the companies they help forming. (Offshore Investigation Vehicle, p. 87)

When offshore companies are but a bundle of papers held in private storages, these practices contribute to a number of possible configurations of any given offshore company, whose records are at once factually correct and conveniently flawed.

Offshore A-Z plays with the idea that truth is not one nor static, and that it does not need to be upheld equally at all times or in all fora.

Obtaining the data

The data contained within Offshore A-Z comes from a number of sources. Prior to the Offshore Leaks, the snippets of information available on offshore companies were largely confined to the outdated online registrars kept by tax havens, as an empty gesture towards transparency. Employing data scraping techniques, the Demystification Committee extracted records on hundreds of thousands of companies appearing in a number of such registrars.

Yielding varying amounts of information, and naturally full of gaps - sometimes full company details and descriptions, sometimes little more than a name - the records were cross referenced with data from the ICIJ’s Offshore Leaks as well as Financial Secrecy Index scores from the Tax Justice Network, and compiled into a single searchable database.

Training the algorithms

Algorithms were then trained to fill in the gaps in information. Using keywords from the company’s records as a trigger, the algorithms associate images with each nondescript company and complete missing fields by guessing possible incorporation dates or by generating corporate mission statement via a simple neural network. The coherency and accuracy of the neural network is directly undermined by the opaque source material, or incomplete input records. Finally, companies previously named in the Offshore Leaks ( for example) are hyperlinked to the relevant entry on the ICIJ database, allowing user to investigate further.

Compiling the template

The resulting information is autonomously built into a Web 2.0 page, employing a visual grammar similar to that used by existing registrars of companies. However, under intense scrutiny, the template mealts away revealing warm hues and floating forms.

This cycle of actions is repeated for each unreleased company found in the database and publicly announced by a Twitter bot.

Zooming in

Among the companies listed on the Offshore A-Z, a few appearing to be embedded in complex offshore vehicles were further investigated, resulting in three stories focusing on the funding behind Leave.EU, the corporate tax-avoidance of Barclays and the colonial origins of HSBC.

Offshore A-Z is a project by the Demystification Committee.

Company Name Leaked Registered Country
F . K Style Company Limited 19-07-2012
HK
F & A CHEW DOWN RESTAURANT LTD 09-10-2009
CY
F & B EASY PERSONNEL SERVICES 05-04-2014
AW
F & B SERVICES N.V. 11-01-1984
AW
F & C SALES DEPOT & CONSTRUCTION 18-09-1993
AW
F & D INTER TRADE WHOLESALE 30-04-2003
AW
F & E HOLDINGS LTD 10-08-2001
BM
F & F INVESTMENTS N.V. 17-07-1988
AW
F & F LIMITED 10-05-1994
CY
F & G INVESTMENTS 07-01-1993
AW
F & J INDUSTRY INTERNATIONAL CO., LIMITED 11-04-2011
HK
F & L INVESTMENTS INTERNATIONAL LIMITED 07-11-2002
CY
F & M ATHANASIOU LTD 26-10-2009
CY
F & M CONSULTANCY/COMPUTER-SERVICES 01-05-1995
AW
F & P EQUIPMENT AND SCIENTIFIC SUPPLIES 09-06-1976
CY
F & R INTERNATIONAL LTD. 30-09-1983
BM
F & S ADVERTISING N.V. 08-04-1992
AW
F & S WINDOW SYSTEMS LTD 31-12-2009
CY
F & G COMPANY 17-07-1987
KY
F & G EQUILIBRIUM EUROPE FUND LIMITED 14-12-2012
KY
F & G EQUILIBRIUM MASTER FUND LIMITED 07-11-1881
KY
F & M CORPORATION LIMITED 063750 -SO 23-05-1996
KY
F B & P CO. LTD. 27-11-1997
BM
F B N ENTERPRISES LTD 114017 -SO 04-03-1995
KY
F C SERVICE STATION LTD. 02-03-2003
BM
F C SERVICE STATION LTD. 02-03-2003
BM
F CUBED PARTNERS, L.P. 31-10-1926
VG
F E L I M A R CONSTRUCCION 23-02-2006
AW
F EN VAN B 01-01-2003
AW
F FANI LIMITED 13-08-2009
CY
F GLOBAL MARKETING SPC 23-06-1899
KY
F GROUP ASSETS LIMITED 16-03-2010
CY
F III HOLDINGS LIMITED DISCONTINUED DELAWARE,U.S.A. 18-01-1989
BM
F K SHAREHOLDERS NO. 2 LIMITED 15-06-1979
HK
F U M ASSOCIATES LIMITED 27-12-1968
HK
F W MANAGEMENT OPERATIONS, LTD. 01-02-1979
BM
F-32 LTD 083683 -SO 11-08-2011
KY
F-C International Group Limited 07-09-2007
HK
F-MANAGEMENTTV LIMITED 07-10-2009
CY
F-MART 10-04-1996
AW
F-TWO DERIVATIVES, LTD. 25-09-2001
BM
F. AND G. GENERAL TRADING AGENCIES 01-10-1973
CY
F. & M. POOL-TECH SERVICES LTD 05-03-2010
CY
F. & M. SCUBA FRIENDS 28-02-2000
CY
F. & S. WE BUY ANY GOLD LTD 08-10-2010
CY
F. & T. (FAR EAST) LIMITED 24-12-1962
HK
F. & W. BEAUTY (HOLDING) COMPANY LIMITED 05-05-1999
HK
F. A. SUTTON LIMITED 21-03-1940
HK
F. A. TRANSPORTS LTD 22-07-2010
CY
F. BEIJDERWELLEN 01-01-1971
AW