Offshore A-Z is a digital repository of companies operating across major tax havens. Offshore A-Z exploits the inscrutability of such companies to speculate on their possible nature and intent. Each company listed on here is real, but the information surrounding these consist of both actual records, obtained by the Demystification Committee, and speculative images and mission statements, generated by algorithms.

Tax havens, or secrecy jurisdictions, employ laws and corporate regulations different from those of most jurisdictions, using secrecy as a prime tool. Furthermore, the agents operating offshore on behalf of clients elsewhere have been observed by the Demystification Committee to willfully introduce mistakes in the records held on the companies they help forming. (Offshore Investigation Vehicle, p. 87)

When offshore companies are but a bundle of papers held in private storages, these practices contribute to a number of possible configurations of any given offshore company, whose records are at once factually correct and conveniently flawed.

Offshore A-Z plays with the idea that truth is not one nor static, and that it does not need to be upheld equally at all times or in all fora.

Obtaining the data

The data contained within Offshore A-Z comes from a number of sources. Prior to the Offshore Leaks, the snippets of information available on offshore companies were largely confined to the outdated online registrars kept by tax havens, as an empty gesture towards transparency. Employing data scraping techniques, the Demystification Committee extracted records on hundreds of thousands of companies appearing in a number of such registrars.

Yielding varying amounts of information, and naturally full of gaps - sometimes full company details and descriptions, sometimes little more than a name - the records were cross referenced with data from the ICIJ’s Offshore Leaks as well as Financial Secrecy Index scores from the Tax Justice Network, and compiled into a single searchable database.

Training the algorithms

Algorithms were then trained to fill in the gaps in information. Using keywords from the company’s records as a trigger, the algorithms associate images with each nondescript company and complete missing fields by guessing possible incorporation dates or by generating corporate mission statement via a simple neural network. The coherency and accuracy of the neural network is directly undermined by the opaque source material, or incomplete input records. Finally, companies previously named in the Offshore Leaks ( for example) are hyperlinked to the relevant entry on the ICIJ database, allowing user to investigate further.

Compiling the template

The resulting information is autonomously built into a Web 2.0 page, employing a visual grammar similar to that used by existing registrars of companies. However, under intense scrutiny, the template mealts away revealing warm hues and floating forms.

This cycle of actions is repeated for each unreleased company found in the database and publicly announced by a Twitter bot.

Zooming in

Among the companies listed on the Offshore A-Z, a few appearing to be embedded in complex offshore vehicles were further investigated, resulting in three stories focusing on the funding behind Leave.EU, the corporate tax-avoidance of Barclays and the colonial origins of HSBC.

Offshore A-Z is a project by the Demystification Committee.

Company Name Leaked Registered Country
I & A ENTERPRISES 03-05-1983
CY
I & C DESIGN IDEAS LIMITED 04-06-2009
CY
I & C SWIMWEAR CONCEPT LTD 20-02-2008
CY
I & K SUPERMARKET ENTERPRISES LTD 29-09-2009
CY
I & L WATER SERVICES LIMITED 23-10-2009
CY
I & P FUTURES LIMITED 16-05-1980
HK
I & S PAPER PRODUCTS LIMITED 20-06-1980
HK
I & T INTERNATIONAL 06-10-1990
AW
I & YOU INTERNET CAFE 01-02-2008
AW
I B D INTERNATIONAL (H.K.) LIMITED 06-07-1979
HK
I B PHARM CO LTD 09-02-1994
MU
I BILL M LIMITED 09-02-1879
KY
I C I LIMITED 13-10-2004
BM
I C M (BARBADOS) LIMITED 08-07-1986
BB
I C- YOU SECURITY SERVICES 01-01-2013
AW
I CALL TELECOM LIMITED 30-04-1999
HK
I CANDY ENTERPRISES 02-11-2008
AW
I F V INTERFUNDING VENTURES LTD 21-09-2010
CY
I G I PELEKANIAKAS LTD 27-05-2010
CY
I H S LTD. 29-09-2011
BM
I HERBAL SOLUTION 24-06-2010
AW
I LEGALIZE (ARUBA) FOUNDATION 29-09-2014
AW
I LOVE ARUBA 30-06-2001
AW
I LOVE ARUBA 3 06-04-1996
AW
I LOVE ARUBA II 30-06-2001
AW
I LOVE ARUBA MINIMARKET 06-04-1996
AW
I LOVE ARUBA SKINCARE 16-09-2013
AW
I LOVE ARUBA TRADING 26-03-2012
AW
I LOVE COOKING 01-07-2015
AW
I LOVE DRIVING LIMITED 13-12-2010
CY
I LOVE HOOKAH 01-10-2009
AW
I LOVE LATINA 04-01-2015
AW
I M HOLDINGS LIMITED 22-08-1989
BM
I M TECH LIMITED 15-06-2010
CY
I ON MARINE & FIRE INSURANCE COMPANY LIMITED 06-05-1899
HK
I SCALA LTD. 11-02-1999
BM
I SHAN BOOKSTORE COMPANY LIMITED 08-06-1979
HK
I STORE ARUBA/DYNAMIC SYSTEMS 01-05-1987
AW
I T CONSTRUCTION SERVICES LTD 097840 -SO 22-10-1914
KY
I WANT THAT 07-01-1992
AW
I-B SURESH CAPITAL MARITIME PARTNERS LIMITED 18-02-2008
CY
I-CAP ASIA LIMITED 09-09-1977
HK
I-COMM 01-07-2005
AW
I-COMM ENGINEERING 17-09-2005
AW
I-CONSULT INTERNATIONAL LIMITED 03-02-1998
MU
I-FAB 25-02-2014
AW
I-FENG ENAMELLING COMPANY (HONG KONG) LIMITED 21-02-1950
HK
i-Home Store Limited 19-04-2010
HK
I-HWA INDUSTRIAL (HK) LIMITED 26-06-1979
HK
I-MANAGEMENT AVIATION SUPPORT 03-09-2013
AW