Offshore A-Z is a digital repository of companies operating across major tax havens. Offshore A-Z exploits the inscrutability of such companies to speculate on their possible nature and intent. Each company listed on here is real, but the information surrounding these consist of both actual records, obtained by the Demystification Committee, and speculative images and mission statements, generated by algorithms.

Tax havens, or secrecy jurisdictions, employ laws and corporate regulations different from those of most jurisdictions, using secrecy as a prime tool. Furthermore, the agents operating offshore on behalf of clients elsewhere have been observed by the Demystification Committee to willfully introduce mistakes in the records held on the companies they help forming. (Offshore Investigation Vehicle, p. 87)

When offshore companies are but a bundle of papers held in private storages, these practices contribute to a number of possible configurations of any given offshore company, whose records are at once factually correct and conveniently flawed.

Offshore A-Z plays with the idea that truth is not one nor static, and that it does not need to be upheld equally at all times or in all fora.

Obtaining the data

The data contained within Offshore A-Z comes from a number of sources. Prior to the Offshore Leaks, the snippets of information available on offshore companies were largely confined to the outdated online registrars kept by tax havens, as an empty gesture towards transparency. Employing data scraping techniques, the Demystification Committee extracted records on hundreds of thousands of companies appearing in a number of such registrars.

Yielding varying amounts of information, and naturally full of gaps - sometimes full company details and descriptions, sometimes little more than a name - the records were cross referenced with data from the ICIJ’s Offshore Leaks as well as Financial Secrecy Index scores from the Tax Justice Network, and compiled into a single searchable database.

Training the algorithms

Algorithms were then trained to fill in the gaps in information. Using keywords from the company’s records as a trigger, the algorithms associate images with each nondescript company and complete missing fields by guessing possible incorporation dates or by generating corporate mission statement via a simple neural network. The coherency and accuracy of the neural network is directly undermined by the opaque source material, or incomplete input records. Finally, companies previously named in the Offshore Leaks ( for example) are hyperlinked to the relevant entry on the ICIJ database, allowing user to investigate further.

Compiling the template

The resulting information is autonomously built into a Web 2.0 page, employing a visual grammar similar to that used by existing registrars of companies. However, under intense scrutiny, the template mealts away revealing warm hues and floating forms.

This cycle of actions is repeated for each unreleased company found in the database and publicly announced by a Twitter bot.

Zooming in

Among the companies listed on the Offshore A-Z, a few appearing to be embedded in complex offshore vehicles were further investigated, resulting in three stories focusing on the funding behind Leave.EU, the corporate tax-avoidance of Barclays and the colonial origins of HSBC.

Offshore A-Z is a project by the Demystification Committee.

Company Name Leaked Registered Country
N & G LILLIS SUPER SPORTS 10-03-1993
CY
N & A INVESTMENT INC 24-03-1999
BB
N & D DENTAL CLINIC 07-12-1993
CY
N & K MEDINET TRADING 01-08-2003
CY
N & K QUEEN'S FOOD 22-05-1997
CY
N & M MERKUR FORWARDING LTD 05-06-2009
CY
N & M QUIK COFFEE LIMITED 19-08-2009
CY
N & N HOME SOLUTIONS LIMITED 01-02-2010
CY
N & N INVESTMENTS LTD. 08-02-1989
BM
N & N ROSE GALLERY 24-04-1997
CY
N & P Investment Co. Limited 26-07-1961
HK
N & T XYDAS ENTERPRISES LIMITED 26-05-2010
CY
N & N ASSOCIATES INCORPORATED 129130 -SO 14-09-1880
KY
N & N INVESTMENTS LTD. 27-02-1997
KY
N A J A 01-02-1977
AW
N BAY LTD (FMR. NORTH BAY FUND LTD.) 22-05-1866
VG
N BUYING GROUP LTD 25-01-2010
CY
N D HOLDING, LTD. 07-08-1997
BM
N L (HONG KONG) COMPANY LIMITED 06-11-1979
HK
N L INSURANCE LTD. 05-02-1975
BM
N M ROTHSCHILD SERVICES (BERMUDA) LIMITED 30-03-1970
BM
N R L I LIMITED 18-10-2010
CY
N S M ASSOCIATES LTD 130708 -SO 11-02-1987
KY
N W I LTD. 16-12-1987
BM
N-CODED LIMITED 18-03-2010
CY
N-COMPASS FINANCIAL SERVICES LIMITED 11-04-1994
BM
N-FASIS LOUNGE 11-02-2016
AW
N-HOLDINGS LTD. 21-03-1989
BM
N-M IP 220 LTD 20-07-2004
BM
N-M MULTI-STRATEGY LTD 01-08-2004
BM
N-M MULTI-STRATEGY SERIES 2 LTD 31-03-2004
BM
N-M MULTI-STRATEGY SERIES 2 TRADING LTD 31-03-2004
BM
N-M MULTI-STRATEGY TRADING LTD 01-08-2004
BM
N-PLUS COMP 18-06-2012
AW
N-PLUS CORP 26-02-2013
AW
N-REN INTERNATIONAL LTD. 23-04-1974
BM
N-TRANCE.09 LIMITED 05-10-2010
CY
N. & A. CAR ACCESSORIES 30-05-1985
CY
N. & A. HADJINICOLAOU ENTERPRISES 30-08-1984
CY
N. & C. HAIR STARS 03-05-2005
CY
N. & F . CONSTRUCTIONS 24-07-1989
CY
N. & G. SPARE PARTS 19-02-1982
CY
N. & N. RENT A CAR 10-10-1985
CY
N. & S. ANAXAGOROU HOLDINGS LTD 20-12-2010
CY
N. & S. TRADING AGENCIES 30-09-1968
CY
N. & V. INTERNAT'L SHIPPING (MTIUS) LTD 25-05-1990
MU
N. A. ANASOFT TECHNOLOGY LTD 26-04-2010
CY
N. AND N. (GOLDEN CITY) MANUFACTURING COMPANY LIMITED 10-06-1980
HK
N. BARSAN & CO 13-03-2008
CY
N. C. A. AND COMPANY LIMITED 21-02-1967
HK