Offshore A-Z is a digital repository of companies operating across major tax havens. Offshore A-Z exploits the inscrutability of such companies to speculate on their possible nature and intent. Each company listed on here is real, but the information surrounding these consist of both actual records, obtained by the Demystification Committee, and speculative images and mission statements, generated by algorithms.

Tax havens, or secrecy jurisdictions, employ laws and corporate regulations different from those of most jurisdictions, using secrecy as a prime tool. Furthermore, the agents operating offshore on behalf of clients elsewhere have been observed by the Demystification Committee to willfully introduce mistakes in the records held on the companies they help forming. (Offshore Investigation Vehicle, p. 87)

When offshore companies are but a bundle of papers held in private storages, these practices contribute to a number of possible configurations of any given offshore company, whose records are at once factually correct and conveniently flawed.

Offshore A-Z plays with the idea that truth is not one nor static, and that it does not need to be upheld equally at all times or in all fora.

Obtaining the data

The data contained within Offshore A-Z comes from a number of sources. Prior to the Offshore Leaks, the snippets of information available on offshore companies were largely confined to the outdated online registrars kept by tax havens, as an empty gesture towards transparency. Employing data scraping techniques, the Demystification Committee extracted records on hundreds of thousands of companies appearing in a number of such registrars.

Yielding varying amounts of information, and naturally full of gaps - sometimes full company details and descriptions, sometimes little more than a name - the records were cross referenced with data from the ICIJ’s Offshore Leaks as well as Financial Secrecy Index scores from the Tax Justice Network, and compiled into a single searchable database.

Training the algorithms

Algorithms were then trained to fill in the gaps in information. Using keywords from the company’s records as a trigger, the algorithms associate images with each nondescript company and complete missing fields by guessing possible incorporation dates or by generating corporate mission statement via a simple neural network. The coherency and accuracy of the neural network is directly undermined by the opaque source material, or incomplete input records. Finally, companies previously named in the Offshore Leaks ( for example) are hyperlinked to the relevant entry on the ICIJ database, allowing user to investigate further.

Compiling the template

The resulting information is autonomously built into a Web 2.0 page, employing a visual grammar similar to that used by existing registrars of companies. However, under intense scrutiny, the template mealts away revealing warm hues and floating forms.

This cycle of actions is repeated for each unreleased company found in the database and publicly announced by a Twitter bot.

Zooming in

Among the companies listed on the Offshore A-Z, a few appearing to be embedded in complex offshore vehicles were further investigated, resulting in three stories focusing on the funding behind Leave.EU, the corporate tax-avoidance of Barclays and the colonial origins of HSBC.

Offshore A-Z is a project by the Demystification Committee.

Company Name Leaked Registered Country
T & D TRADING CO. 16-05-1972
CY
T & A ENTERPRISES LIMITED 03-08-2001
HK
T & A SALES PROMOTION 11-11-1968
CY
T & B ENTERPRISES LTD. 16-07-1993
BM
T & C ART LAB NICOSIA LIMITED 07-02-2008
CY
T & C ENTERPRISES A.V.V. 23-06-1992
AW
T & D CONSULTANTS LIMITED 30-11-1979
HK
T & D FUTURE LIFESTYLE LIMITED 15-06-2009
CY
T & E INTERNATIONAL CONSTRUCTION COMPANY LIMITED 20-06-1997
HK
T & F CONTRACTING LIMITED 01-11-1977
HK
T & F ENTERPRISES LIMITED 13-05-1998
HK
T & G INTERNATIONAL (FAR EAST) LIMITED 27-06-1995
HK
T & G PRASTITIS & CO 12-05-2006
CY
T & G PRECAST BERMUDA LIMITED 23-02-1989
BM
T & L BUSINESS CENTER V.O.F. 01-06-2001
AW
T & L CHEMICAL (INTERNATIONAL) LIMITED 29-06-1995
HK
T & M ALL ABOUT NET LIMITED 20-04-2010
CY
T & M ELECTRONICS LIMITED 18-06-1997
HK
T & M KESTEKIDES TRADING LTD 21-06-2010
CY
T & M OVERSEAS GROUP LIMITED 09-03-1979
BM
T & R ARUBA SHIP SUPPLIES N.V. 10-01-1981
AW
T & S BETTING LIMITED 18-12-2009
CY
T & S GENERAL CONTRACTORS 13-07-2014
AW
T & S ROMEOS ENTERPRISES LTD 03-07-2009
CY
T & T 11-05-1990
AW
T & T COMPANY LIMITED 06-01-1970
HK
T & T INVESTMENT LIMITED 20-09-1961
HK
T & V CHEMICALS LIMITED 08-09-2010
CY
T & W CARNI FOR YOU N.V. 29-11-1999
AW
T & Y TECHNOLOGY LIMITED 08-05-1998
HK
T & M SUPPLY LTD. 20-05-2011
KY
T & T INVESTMENTS 31-03-1931
KY
T & V INVESTMENTS LIMITED 20-12-1913
KY
T + L INVESTMENTS N.V. 06-01-1978
AW
T AND T INTERNATIONAL N.V. 09-06-1979
AW
T H HOLDINGS LIMITED 07-08-1999
BM
T H Q LIMITED 13-07-1979
HK
T JUWELENHUISJE SANICOLAAS 15-06-2008
AW
T K HAIR LTD. 22-03-2011
BM
T O L (HONG KONG) LIMITED 13-11-1979
HK
T R I T E C H O 27-04-1978
CY
T RE (BERMUDA) LTD. 25-06-2009
BM
T RUSKEN LTD 20-07-1978
BM
T S & D LIMITED 20-08-2001
BB
T SMULHOEKJE 12-11-2012
AW
T SMULPALEIS 30-11-1969
AW
T T & T HOLDINGS LIMITED 07-10-1987
BM
T W O AIR (BERMUDA) LIMITED 04-09-1982
BM
T-BILL ARBITRAGE MASTER FUND, LTD. 08-06-2011
VG
T-BILL ARBITRAGE OFFSHORE FUND, LTD. 01-01-1970
VG