Offshore A-Z is a digital repository of companies operating across major tax havens. Offshore A-Z exploits the inscrutability of such companies to speculate on their possible nature and intent. Each company listed on here is real, but the information surrounding these consist of both actual records, obtained by the Demystification Committee, and speculative images and mission statements, generated by algorithms.

Tax havens, or secrecy jurisdictions, employ laws and corporate regulations different from those of most jurisdictions, using secrecy as a prime tool. Furthermore, the agents operating offshore on behalf of clients elsewhere have been observed by the Demystification Committee to willfully introduce mistakes in the records held on the companies they help forming. (Offshore Investigation Vehicle, p. 87)

When offshore companies are but a bundle of papers held in private storages, these practices contribute to a number of possible configurations of any given offshore company, whose records are at once factually correct and conveniently flawed.

Offshore A-Z plays with the idea that truth is not one nor static, and that it does not need to be upheld equally at all times or in all fora.

Obtaining the data

The data contained within Offshore A-Z comes from a number of sources. Prior to the Offshore Leaks, the snippets of information available on offshore companies were largely confined to the outdated online registrars kept by tax havens, as an empty gesture towards transparency. Employing data scraping techniques, the Demystification Committee extracted records on hundreds of thousands of companies appearing in a number of such registrars.

Yielding varying amounts of information, and naturally full of gaps - sometimes full company details and descriptions, sometimes little more than a name - the records were cross referenced with data from the ICIJ’s Offshore Leaks as well as Financial Secrecy Index scores from the Tax Justice Network, and compiled into a single searchable database.

Training the algorithms

Algorithms were then trained to fill in the gaps in information. Using keywords from the company’s records as a trigger, the algorithms associate images with each nondescript company and complete missing fields by guessing possible incorporation dates or by generating corporate mission statement via a simple neural network. The coherency and accuracy of the neural network is directly undermined by the opaque source material, or incomplete input records. Finally, companies previously named in the Offshore Leaks ( for example) are hyperlinked to the relevant entry on the ICIJ database, allowing user to investigate further.

Compiling the template

The resulting information is autonomously built into a Web 2.0 page, employing a visual grammar similar to that used by existing registrars of companies. However, under intense scrutiny, the template mealts away revealing warm hues and floating forms.

This cycle of actions is repeated for each unreleased company found in the database and publicly announced by a Twitter bot.

Zooming in

Among the companies listed on the Offshore A-Z, a few appearing to be embedded in complex offshore vehicles were further investigated, resulting in three stories focusing on the funding behind Leave.EU, the corporate tax-avoidance of Barclays and the colonial origins of HSBC.

Offshore A-Z is a project by the Demystification Committee.

Company Name Leaked Registered Country
V & C MANUFACTURING COMPANY LIMITED 10-06-1980
HK
V & D KIOSK LIMITED 12-11-2010
CY
V & F CHRISTODOULOU TRADING LΤD 15-06-2010
CY
V & F LEASE N.V. 27-09-1992
AW
V & G REALTY, SECURITY & CLEANING SERVICES 23-04-2014
AW
V & G TECHNOLOGY CO., LIMITED 16-05-2006
HK
V & L TSOKKOS MOTORBIKES HIRE LIMITED 13-01-2010
CY
V & N CONSTRUCTION LTD 07-04-2010
CY
V & P ELECTRIC SERVICES 12-09-2002
CY
V & P WORLDWIDE LIMITED 02-06-2009
CY
V & R SEMELEER CONTRACTORS 21-03-1999
AW
V & S ASSURANCE CO., LTD. 22-11-1915
VG
V & V CEILTECH LTD. 29-04-2008
BM
V & V TRADING COMPANY LIMITED 02-11-1994
BB
V & W ENTERPRISES LIMITED 04-09-1976
BM
V B KNITTERS LIMITED 15-05-1979
HK
V Capital Limited 17-06-2015
HK
V CENTENARIO 20-03-1987
DO
V CRUISES INTERMEDIATE LIMITED 16-09-2014
BM
V CRUISES LIMITED 28-08-2014
BM
V CUBE FUND LTD. 08-12-1901
VG
V FIT CLOTHES 12-04-2014
AW
V I P SHOWS LIMITED 24-10-1969
HK
V P CONSTRUCTION 21-10-2012
AW
V-COOK COMPANY LIMITED 14-01-2014
HK
V-ELEKTRA ENERGY CONSULTING & SERVICES LIMITED 28-05-2010
CY
V-MART CONVENIENCE STORE 16-02-2009
AW
V-PRO TECHNOLOGY COMPANY LIMITED 04-03-2014
HK
V-SKY SHIPPING LIMITED 12-01-2005
HK
V-TEK GLOBAL FUND 10-06-1968
KY
V-TRADING 01-08-2003
AW
V. AND M. VIDEO ELECTRONICS COMPANY 01-12-1986
CY
V. & C. WEARHOUSE 06-02-1984
CY
V. & I. (NEAPOLIS) BOOKSHOP 07-04-1987
CY
V. & V. TRADING CO. 02-01-1973
CY
V. & V. LIMITED 16-07-1971
HK
V. A.S. WORKSHOP 01-08-1984
CY
V. C.S. VIDEO HOUSE 12-07-1991
CY
V. CHAKOS & CO - MARINE CLAIMS ADJUSTERS & CONSULTANTS LIMITED 03-07-2009
CY
V. CHINA COMPANY LIMITED 14-11-1996
HK
V. CHRISTODOULOU TRADING CO. LTD 15-09-2009
CY
V. CHRISTOU KAYIA WORKS LΙΜΙΤΕD 23-10-2009
CY
V. CONSTANTINOU & C. SOLOMONIDOU & CO 08-11-2006
CY
V. D'UNIENVILLE & ASSOCIATES CO. LTD. 14-05-1998
MU
V. E. TURNER 05-03-1949
AW
V. F. ELECTRIC SYSTEMS LTD 17-08-2009
CY
V. G. ELECTRIC LTD. 20-07-1990
BM
V. GOOD TRADING LIMITED 02-12-1977
HK
V. HADJIMATHEOU SERVICES LIMITED 29-12-2010
CY
V. I. P. HOTEL LIMITED 22-07-1969
HK