Offshore A-Z is a digital repository of companies operating across major tax havens. Offshore A-Z exploits the inscrutability of such companies to speculate on their possible nature and intent. Each company listed on here is real, but the information surrounding these consist of both actual records, obtained by the Demystification Committee, and speculative images and mission statements, generated by algorithms.

Tax havens, or secrecy jurisdictions, employ laws and corporate regulations different from those of most jurisdictions, using secrecy as a prime tool. Furthermore, the agents operating offshore on behalf of clients elsewhere have been observed by the Demystification Committee to willfully introduce mistakes in the records held on the companies they help forming. (Offshore Investigation Vehicle, p. 87)

When offshore companies are but a bundle of papers held in private storages, these practices contribute to a number of possible configurations of any given offshore company, whose records are at once factually correct and conveniently flawed.

Offshore A-Z plays with the idea that truth is not one nor static, and that it does not need to be upheld equally at all times or in all fora.

Obtaining the data

The data contained within Offshore A-Z comes from a number of sources. Prior to the Offshore Leaks, the snippets of information available on offshore companies were largely confined to the outdated online registrars kept by tax havens, as an empty gesture towards transparency. Employing data scraping techniques, the Demystification Committee extracted records on hundreds of thousands of companies appearing in a number of such registrars.

Yielding varying amounts of information, and naturally full of gaps - sometimes full company details and descriptions, sometimes little more than a name - the records were cross referenced with data from the ICIJ’s Offshore Leaks as well as Financial Secrecy Index scores from the Tax Justice Network, and compiled into a single searchable database.

Training the algorithms

Algorithms were then trained to fill in the gaps in information. Using keywords from the company’s records as a trigger, the algorithms associate images with each nondescript company and complete missing fields by guessing possible incorporation dates or by generating corporate mission statement via a simple neural network. The coherency and accuracy of the neural network is directly undermined by the opaque source material, or incomplete input records. Finally, companies previously named in the Offshore Leaks ( for example) are hyperlinked to the relevant entry on the ICIJ database, allowing user to investigate further.

Compiling the template

The resulting information is autonomously built into a Web 2.0 page, employing a visual grammar similar to that used by existing registrars of companies. However, under intense scrutiny, the template mealts away revealing warm hues and floating forms.

This cycle of actions is repeated for each unreleased company found in the database and publicly announced by a Twitter bot.

Zooming in

Among the companies listed on the Offshore A-Z, a few appearing to be embedded in complex offshore vehicles were further investigated, resulting in three stories focusing on the funding behind Leave.EU, the corporate tax-avoidance of Barclays and the colonial origins of HSBC.

Offshore A-Z is a project by the Demystification Committee.

Company Name Leaked Registered Country
X - PERT REAL ESTATE AGENTS LIMITED 21-02-2008
CY
X AND S CO. 19-11-1974
CY
X ISLES LIMITED 03-10-1997
BM
X L CAR RENTAL 19-08-2014
AW
X LIMITED 27-05-1994
BM
X LINE AUTO ACCESSORIES LTD 04-02-2008
CY
X pink Limited 19-07-2012
HK
X SEASON 27-10-2009
AW
X ZONE INTERNATIONAL TRADING CO., LIMITED 17-05-2006
HK
X-CYCLES 01-03-2011
AW
X-CYCLES 10-04-2011
AW
X-INT LOGISTICS CONSULTANCY AND SERVICES 01-06-2010
AW
X-MOTORS LTD 05-02-2010
CY
X-OTIC (MASSAGE PARLOR) 01-08-2001
AW
X-PLOIT 05-08-2005
AW
X-PRESS ENTERPRISES 06-06-2012
AW
X-SEASON 14-01-2011
AW
X-SEASON RENTALS 01-01-2013
AW
X-TREME 23-11-1987
AW
X-TREME 23-11-1987
AW
X-TREME A.T.V. TOUR 06-01-2005
AW
X-TREME CYCLE RENTAL 01-01-2003
AW
X-TREME FITNESS CENTER 01-09-2015
AW
X-TREME SECURITY 02-01-2011
AW
X-TREME TRAINING CLUB 14-06-2012
AW
X-UN BEACH 01-09-2005
AW
X-VGC 11-05-2014
AW
X-VIDEO GAME CENTER 01-10-2002
AW
X-VIRUS LIMITED 25-08-2009
CY
X-ZONE LOGISTICS LIMITED 16-06-2015
HK
X. DINAL BUILDERS & DEVELOPERS LTD 07-06-2010
CY
X. O ECOPOWER LTD 20-07-2010
CY
X. THEODOULOU AND C. VASILIOU TRADING CO. 11-03-1980
CY
X.E.N.K. ENTERPRISES LIMITED 30-08-2010
CY
X.L. MANAGEMENT SERVICES NV 30-07-1995
AW
X.L. ONE LTD. 06-06-1990
BM
X.L. PROPERTY HOLDINGS LIMITED 18-04-1997
BM
X.M. CONSTRUCTIONS LTD 29-04-2010
CY
X.M.K MENTAL PROPERTIES LIMITED 11-06-2009
CY
X.M.K. CARWASH LTD 07-10-2010
CY
X.N. INTERLINK CONSTRUCTION LTD 15-09-2009
CY
X.R. GLOBAL AUTOMOTIVE INFORMATION DATA LTD 22-02-2008
CY
X.S. CAPITAL PARTNERS I 30-10-2006
CY
X.S. CAPITAL PARTNERS II 09-01-2007
CY
X.S. GELATO LIMITED 19-04-2010
CY
X.T. MULTICON ENTERPRISES LIMITED 28-05-2009
CY
X.Y PIRILLYS LIMITED 09-03-2010
CY
X.Y. SINEX DESIGN LTD 06-08-2010
CY
X' ISLE 01-09-1994
AW
X'MAS NOVELTY LIMITED 29-09-1970
HK