Offshore A-Z is a digital repository of companies operating across major tax havens. Offshore A-Z exploits the inscrutability of such companies to speculate on their possible nature and intent. Each company listed on here is real, but the information surrounding these consist of both actual records, obtained by the Demystification Committee, and speculative images and mission statements, generated by algorithms.

Tax havens, or secrecy jurisdictions, employ laws and corporate regulations different from those of most jurisdictions, using secrecy as a prime tool. Furthermore, the agents operating offshore on behalf of clients elsewhere have been observed by the Demystification Committee to willfully introduce mistakes in the records held on the companies they help forming. (Offshore Investigation Vehicle, p. 87)

When offshore companies are but a bundle of papers held in private storages, these practices contribute to a number of possible configurations of any given offshore company, whose records are at once factually correct and conveniently flawed.

Offshore A-Z plays with the idea that truth is not one nor static, and that it does not need to be upheld equally at all times or in all fora.

Obtaining the data

The data contained within Offshore A-Z comes from a number of sources. Prior to the Offshore Leaks, the snippets of information available on offshore companies were largely confined to the outdated online registrars kept by tax havens, as an empty gesture towards transparency. Employing data scraping techniques, the Demystification Committee extracted records on hundreds of thousands of companies appearing in a number of such registrars.

Yielding varying amounts of information, and naturally full of gaps - sometimes full company details and descriptions, sometimes little more than a name - the records were cross referenced with data from the ICIJ’s Offshore Leaks as well as Financial Secrecy Index scores from the Tax Justice Network, and compiled into a single searchable database.

Training the algorithms

Algorithms were then trained to fill in the gaps in information. Using keywords from the company’s records as a trigger, the algorithms associate images with each nondescript company and complete missing fields by guessing possible incorporation dates or by generating corporate mission statement via a simple neural network. The coherency and accuracy of the neural network is directly undermined by the opaque source material, or incomplete input records. Finally, companies previously named in the Offshore Leaks ( for example) are hyperlinked to the relevant entry on the ICIJ database, allowing user to investigate further.

Compiling the template

The resulting information is autonomously built into a Web 2.0 page, employing a visual grammar similar to that used by existing registrars of companies. However, under intense scrutiny, the template mealts away revealing warm hues and floating forms.

This cycle of actions is repeated for each unreleased company found in the database and publicly announced by a Twitter bot.

Zooming in

Among the companies listed on the Offshore A-Z, a few appearing to be embedded in complex offshore vehicles were further investigated, resulting in three stories focusing on the funding behind Leave.EU, the corporate tax-avoidance of Barclays and the colonial origins of HSBC.

Offshore A-Z is a project by the Demystification Committee.

Company Name Leaked Registered Country
Z & I ENTERPRISES 29-07-1975
CY
Z & M POTAMITIS 07-06-2004
CY
Z & T INTERNATIONAL INDUSTRIAL COMPANY LIMITED 10-09-2007
HK
Z & H INVESTMENT LTD. 24-12-1913
KY
Z EXPERT COMPANY LIMITED 06-09-1965
HK
Z FILMS LIMITED 10-05-1927
GI
Z L INDUSTRIAL (H.K.) LIMITED 12-06-1979
HK
Z NORTH SEA, LTD. DELAWARE 28-09-1992
BM
Z-MAN AVIATION LIMITED 20-04-2007
BM
Z-OBEE HOLDINGS LIMITED 30-01-2007
BM
Z-Plan Hong Kong Limited 16-05-2006
HK
Z-TECH INFORMATION SYSTEMS N.V. 06-04-2008
AW
Z-W INTERNATIONAL (HONG KONG) LIMITED 23-03-1993
HK
Z. & TH. TAKE ONE PRODUCTIONS 26-11-1992
CY
Z. M. FRIENDSHIP RESTAURANT LIMITED 15-02-2008
CY
Z. M. HOMETECH24 LTD 25-01-2010
CY
Z. S. COMPANY LIMITED 19-10-1993
HK
Z.B. (ZORAIDA BONILLA) UPHOLSTERY SERVICES 01-01-2013
AW
Z.B. INTERNATIONAL LTD 16-05-1980
BM
Z.E.C.G. TRADING LTD 09-11-2010
CY
Z.S.I.S. BLUE KIOSK & TRADING LTD 16-06-2010
CY
Z.S.R Technology Co., Limited 08-04-2011
HK
Z.Z. ΜΑΙΝ STREET TAKE AWAY LTD 22-12-2009
CY
Z&Y INDUSTRY LIMITED 17-06-2015
HK
Z2A CORPORATE SERVICES LIMITED 14-12-2009
CY
Z2GETHER LTD 20-02-2008
CY
ZA 01-05-2008
AW
ZA.TH CIRCLE LIMITED 11-11-2010
CY
ZA'S SHOP AND TRADING 01-05-1960
AW
ZAAB GROUP INC. 24-01-2006
CY
ZABDY SNACKS 01-10-2000
AW
ZABEEL A.V.V. 12-03-1994
AW
ZABEGALA HOLDING LTD 27-10-2010
CY
ZABILLA LIMITED 06-08-1980
HK
ZABS TRADING N.V. 23-01-2006
AW
ZACATECAS 15-10-1993
AW
ZACCARIA PROPERTIES AVV 09-05-1994
AW
ZACHARIADES AND ZINGAS MIDDLE EAST ENTERPRISES 18-09-1984
CY
ZACHARIADES- ATLAS PANTOU 26-03-1980
CY
ZACHO ENTITY LTD. 24-12-1906
KY
ZACOURIA LIMITED 12-05-2010
CY
ZAD GLOBAL DIRECT INVESTMENTS, LTD 31-03-1944
VG
ZADE SHIPPING COMPANY LIMITED 26-03-1968
HK
ZADEK FINANCIAL & TECHNICAL CONSULTING LIMITED 01-09-2010
CY
ZADKIEL COMMUNITY CONSTRUCTION SERVICES 01-02-1989
AW
ZADOVAN HOLDINGS LTD 21-05-2010
CY
ZADUWAR HOLDINGS LΙΜΙTΕD 24-08-2010
CY
ZAEMKA LIMITED 07-07-2010
CY
ZAFALITONIA ENTERPRISES LTD 04-02-2008
CY
ZAFFERANO LIMITED 16-09-1997
KY