Offshore A-Z is a digital repository of companies operating across major tax havens. Offshore A-Z exploits the inscrutability of such companies to speculate on their possible nature and intent. Each company listed on here is real, but the information surrounding these consist of both actual records, obtained by the Demystification Committee, and speculative images and mission statements, generated by algorithms.

Tax havens, or secrecy jurisdictions, employ laws and corporate regulations different from those of most jurisdictions, using secrecy as a prime tool. Furthermore, the agents operating offshore on behalf of clients elsewhere have been observed by the Demystification Committee to willfully introduce mistakes in the records held on the companies they help forming. (Offshore Investigation Vehicle, p. 87)

When offshore companies are but a bundle of papers held in private storages, these practices contribute to a number of possible configurations of any given offshore company, whose records are at once factually correct and conveniently flawed.

Offshore A-Z plays with the idea that truth is not one nor static, and that it does not need to be upheld equally at all times or in all fora.

Obtaining the data

The data contained within Offshore A-Z comes from a number of sources. Prior to the Offshore Leaks, the snippets of information available on offshore companies were largely confined to the outdated online registrars kept by tax havens, as an empty gesture towards transparency. Employing data scraping techniques, the Demystification Committee extracted records on hundreds of thousands of companies appearing in a number of such registrars.

Yielding varying amounts of information, and naturally full of gaps - sometimes full company details and descriptions, sometimes little more than a name - the records were cross referenced with data from the ICIJ’s Offshore Leaks as well as Financial Secrecy Index scores from the Tax Justice Network, and compiled into a single searchable database.

Training the algorithms

Algorithms were then trained to fill in the gaps in information. Using keywords from the company’s records as a trigger, the algorithms associate images with each nondescript company and complete missing fields by guessing possible incorporation dates or by generating corporate mission statement via a simple neural network. The coherency and accuracy of the neural network is directly undermined by the opaque source material, or incomplete input records. Finally, companies previously named in the Offshore Leaks ( for example) are hyperlinked to the relevant entry on the ICIJ database, allowing user to investigate further.

Compiling the template

The resulting information is autonomously built into a Web 2.0 page, employing a visual grammar similar to that used by existing registrars of companies. However, under intense scrutiny, the template mealts away revealing warm hues and floating forms.

This cycle of actions is repeated for each unreleased company found in the database and publicly announced by a Twitter bot.

Zooming in

Among the companies listed on the Offshore A-Z, a few appearing to be embedded in complex offshore vehicles were further investigated, resulting in three stories focusing on the funding behind Leave.EU, the corporate tax-avoidance of Barclays and the colonial origins of HSBC.

Offshore A-Z is a project by the Demystification Committee.

Company Name Leaked Registered Country
A & K CO. A.V.V. 08-04-2003
AW
A & K ENGINEERING COMPANY LIMITED 12-10-1993
HK
A & K ENGLEZOU DRESS MANUFACTURING 10-02-1983
CY
A & K KIOSK - MINI MARKET 17-09-2002
CY
A & KY LIMITED 09-08-1977
HK
A & L LOIZOU TRADING LTD 27-08-2009
CY
A & L MICHAELIDES TRADING LTD 23-11-2010
CY
A & M ANDREOU CO 03-01-1986
CY
A & M HOLDINGS LTD. 30-07-2001
BM
A & M LEATHERLAND 04-08-1992
CY
A & M MOUZOURIS ENTERPRISES CO LIMITED 05-02-2010
CY
A & M PARTNERS LIMITED 23-03-1993
HK
A & M PITTA STAR LTD 29-12-2010
CY
A & M PROPERTIES IMPROVEMENT LTD 13-02-2008
CY
A & M READY STEEL 06-09-2004
CY
A & M TECH SOLUTION LTD 17-12-2009
CY
A & M. WATER DISTRIBUTORS LTD 14-02-2008
CY
A & N AQUA PUMPS LTD 05-02-2010
CY
A & O PC CREATIONS 26-01-2007
CY
A & O PHOTO DESIGN 07-10-2004
CY
A & P ALUMINIUM CONSTRUCTIONS 27-05-1971
CY
A & P ART & PAINTING 31-01-2003
CY
A & P BONITO 21-12-2005
CY
A & P CYPROHOUSE LTD 07-08-2009
CY
A & P LADAS 09-02-1982
CY
A & P SILK HOUSE LIMITED 06-06-1980
HK
A & PH PHOTIOU BROTHERS LIMITED 14-09-2010
CY
A & R GEM STONES INTERNATIONAL 31-07-1989
AW
A & R GEM STONES INTERNATIONAL N.V. 31-07-1989
AW
A & S ORGANIC FERTILIZERS LIMITED 19-08-2009
CY
A & S THERMOGRASIA 01-12-1993
CY
A & SON LUSTHILL ASSET MANAGEMENT LTD 27-08-2010
CY
A & T KYPRIANOU SPECIAL FOOD 28-08-1990
CY
A & V BOUTIQUE LTD 27-07-2009
CY
A & W COMPANY OF ASIA LIMITED 01-06-1963
HK
A & W THREAD LTD 09-05-1996
MU
A & Y ATHLOMEDICA CYPRUS LTD 08-02-2008
CY
A & YA DRIVEWELL CAR RENTALS 27-10-1990
CY
A & Z KENTΡΟ ΠΡΟΣΩΠΙΚΗΣ ΓΥΜΝΑΣΤΙΚΗΣ ΚΑΙ ΔΙΑΤΡΟΦΗΣ ΛΤΔ 29-06-2010
CY
A & Δ ΚΑΤΖΙΗΣ ΛΙΜΙΤΕΔ 10-06-2009
CY
A & B LTD 30-11-1903
KY
A & G DEVELOPMENT CO. 10-12-1890
KY
A & J INVESTMENTS 16-11-1969
KY
A + ECO PRO 01-09-2006
AW
A 1 INVESTMENTS LTD. 07-09-1892
KY
A 1 POINT 03-01-1998
AW
A A A PLASTIC MANUFACTURING COMPANY, LIMITED 21-03-1968
HK
A AND K INTERNATIONAL LIMITED 28-07-1976
BM
A AND W IMPORT AND EXPORT CO., LIMITED 16-06-2015
HK
A B C BODY SHOP 20-05-2007
AW